Features of Python – Explore the essence of Python
If you already know Java or C# or C++ (or if you’re not from a programming background), why should you learn Python? The answer is simple. Due to the outstanding features of Python programming.
Before reading the features of Python you should refer TechVidvan’s Python Tutorial to clear the basics of it.
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Let’s discuss some important features of Python Programming Language:
1. Easy Language
Python is an easy language. It is easy to read, write, learn and understand.
- Python has a smooth learning curve. It is easy to learn.
- Python has a simple syntax and Python code is easy to understand.
- Since it’s easy to understand, you can easily read and understand someone else’s code.
- Python is also easy to write because of its simple syntax.
Because it is an easy language, it is used in schools and universities to introduce students to programming. Python is for both startups and big companies.
The Python language is designed to make developers life easy. Reading a Python code is like reading an English sentence. This is one of the key reason that makes Python best for beginners. Python uses indentation instead of curly braces, unlike other programming languages. This makes the code look clean and easier to understand.
3. Interpreted Language
Python is an interpreted language. It comes with the IDLE (Interactive Development Environment). This is an interpreter and follows the REPL structure (Read-Evaluate-Print-Loop). It executes and displays the output of one line at a time. So it displays errors while you’re running a line and displays the entire stack trace for the error.
4. Dynamically-Typed Language
Python is not statically-typed like Java. You don’t need to declare data type while defining a variable. The interpreter determines this at runtime based on the types of the parts of the expression. This is easy for programmers but can create runtime errors.
Python follows duck-typing. It means, “If it looks like a duck, swims like a duck and quacks like a duck, it must be a duck.”
Python is object-oriented but supports both functional and object-oriented programming. Everything in Python is an object. It has the OOP (Object-oriented programming) concepts like inheritance and polymorphism.
6. Popular and Large Community Support
Python has one of the largest communities on StackOverflow and Meetup. If you need help, the community will answer your questions. They also already have many answered questions about Python.
Python is open-source and the community is always contributing to it to improve it. It is free and its source code is freely available to the public.
You can download Python from the official Python Website.
8. Large Standard Library
The standard library is large and has many packages and modules with common and important functionality. If you need something that is available in this standard library, you don’t need to write it from scratch. Because of this, you can focus on more important things. You can also install packages from the PyPI (Python Package Index) if you want even more functionality.
Python is platform-independent. If you write a program, it will run on different platforms like Windows, Mac and Linux. You don’t need to write them separately for each platform.
10. Extensible and Embeddable
Python is extensible. You can use code from other languages like C++ in your Python code. It is also embeddable. You can embed your Python code in other languages like C++.
11. GUI Support
You can use Python to create GUI (Graphical User Interfaces). You can use tkinter, PyQt, wxPython or Pyside for this.
12. High-level Language
Python is a high-level language and C++ is mid-level. Python is easy to understand and closer to the user. You don’t need to remember system architecture or manage the memory.
Python is also scalable. These were some important features of Python. I hope that our article was fruitful to you and has helped you to choose your path.
Time to check out the pros and cons of Python.
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