SAS vs R vs Python – The Battle for Data Science!
Get your own judgment on SAS vs R vs Python by going through this article and select which is the perfect match for your Data Science journey.
For more than two decades, data scientists have been debating the merits of using R and SAS for data analysis. The discussion has never reached a conclusion, but Python has now joined the race as a new popular tool for data science. Today, we will compare SAS vs R vs Python and try to decide which tool is the best for data science.
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Why Use R for Data Science?
R is an open-source programming language for statistical computation. It is highly useful for performing complex mathematical and statistical calculations on data as well as for data visualization. Due to its open-source nature, R has a massive community. The R community has, over the years, created a large number of packages that make R capable of performing all data science tasks.
Why Use Python for Data Science?
Python is an open-source scripting language. It is famous for web development, software development, and data science. It has a wide variety of libraries that allows you to work with several fields like data-transformation, data-filtering, data-wrangling, machine learning, predictive analysis, etc.
Why Use SAS for Data Science?
SAS stands for Statistical Analytics System. It is a proprietary software tool for statistical analytics. SAS is very expensive. Large corporations use it, but it is out-of-reach for individuals and small organizations. SAS is suitable for complex statistical operations but lacks in data visualization, advanced analytics, and machine learning techniques.
SAS vs R vs Python?
There has never been a conclusive answer to the question of which is better SAS vs R vs Python? All three technologies have situations where they excel while lacking in some. What tool one chooses should be based on the person’s requirements. We have made comparisons among them based on the following points:
- Ease of learning
- Data handling ability
- Data visualization
- Customer service and community support
- Market demand
1. Ease of Learning
SAS is probably the easiest to learn of all three. It has a good GUI that makes it even easier to learn and use. To effectively use SAS, one needs to know SQL beforehand.
R has the steepest learning curve among these. It is a low-level language, so it requires more code for simpler tasks. Without prior knowledge of effective coding practices, the code can be even messier and longer to accomplish the simplest of tasks.
Python is known for its flexibility and simplicity. It doesn’t have a widespread GUI, but Python notebooks are becoming popular. Python is a high level, object-oriented language, and is easier to learn than R.
When it comes to learning, SAS is the easiest to learn, followed by Python and R.
2. Data Handling Ability
Data is increasing in size and complexity every day. A data science tool must be able to store and organize large amounts of data effectively.
SAS is smooth and stable when it comes to handling data on stand-alone machines.
R works only on RAM, this makes working with large datasets very slow. It does have packages like plyr and Dplyr that make data handling much easier in R. We can also integrate R with Hadoop, which makes distributed data storage and processing possible.
Python has libraries like Panda and NumPy that make data handling extremely easy.
As base packages or with added extensions, all three can handle large data effectively.
3. Data Visualization
SAS can plot graphs and render basic graphs, but its data visualization capabilities are merely functional.
R excels at data visualization with packages like ggplot2, plotly, Rvis, Rgis, etc.. It is the best tool for data visualization.
Python has extensions like matplotlib and seaborn that make creating custom graphs easy.
R is the clear winner for data visualization.
SAS is proprietary software. It is highly expensive and out-of-reach for individuals and small and medium-sized organizations. While there is a free university edition available, it has limited features.
R is open-source. Anyone can use it and contribute to it. Many startups and large-scale organizations as well, use R.
Python is also an open-source language. Students, as well as professionals, can use it for free.
R and Python being open-source have an advantage over SAS in terms of cost-effectiveness.
5. Customer service and Community Support
SAS has dedicated customer support that helps with all issues about installation and usage. However, due to its cost, the community is not that large.
R does not have a dedicated customer service team, but it does have a massive community. The R community has people from almost all industries and from all over the world. A solution for any issue can be provided by the large community.
Python is also open-source, and therefore, it also has a large community. However, Python’s popularity has increased in recent years and, thus, the community is not as large as R’s.
While SAS may have dedicated customer support, it’s community pales in comparison with that of R’s pr Python’s.
SAS only gets updated at every new version rollout. However, the SAS team includes new features after thorough testing, and they have almost no errors.
R and Python are open-source. Anybody can add new features with new packages and extensions. They receive the latest updates faster.
R and Python get the latest updates much faster, and anybody can contribute towards it.
7. Market Demand
While SAS was the global leader in available corporate jobs in data analytics earlier. The scenario has changed in recent years. More and more companies are opting for open-source technologies creating more job openings for people with skills like R and Python. Large corporations like Ford use R along with Hadoop for data analysis. They require professionals with skills in such technologies.
Apart from data science, web and software development industries also use Python and hire professionals with skills in it.
SAS was a global leader in corporate jobs for data analysis. But now, the open-source technologies have taken over. We expect the job opportunities for R and Python to keep increasing.
Want to know how Ford combined R with Hadoop? Find out here.
In the cutthroat and competitive field of data analytics, this battle for the best tool for data science may be never-ending. All three tools have their strengths and weaknesses. There is no one solution for all data science problems.
To choose the best tool suited for your purpose, you should focus on technologies whose strengths lie with your requirements. While we cannot make a choice for you, we can recommend the technologies based on your situation.
SAS is best for corporate setups that can afford it and make full use of it. While we would recommend R for heavy calculations and strong data representation and visualization. Python would be a great choice for startups and small scale organizations.
These are our views on SAS vs R vs Python.
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