Sliding Tile Puzzle in Python

Sliding tiles game also known as sliding puzzle or sliding blocks game. In this game, the player has to arrange the tiles or blocks in the correct order.

Keeping you updated with latest technology trends, Join TechVidvan on Telegram

About Sliding Tiles Puzzle Python Project

The objective of this project is to create a sliding tile game of multiple levels. In this game, the player has to select level which he/she wants to play. Now, he can start playing the game by clicking on the tile which they want to move.

Project Prerequisites

This sliding tile game python project is build using pygame, random, sys, os module, and with concepts of python.

  • Pygame module is used to build gaming or multimedia type application
  • Random module is used to generate numbers randomly

Download Code of Sliding Tile Game Python Project

Please download the source code of sliding tile puzzle: Sliding Tile in Python

Project File Structure

To build this project we follow the below steps:

  • Importing required modules
  • Initializing and creating game window
  • Creating class for main concept of game
  • Defining function
  • Creating levels
  • Mainloop

Lets start building sliding tiles game

1. Importing required modules

import pygame
import sys, os, random

In this step, we import the required modules.

2. Initializing window

#initializing window
WIDTH = 800
HEIGHT = 600
FPS = 12

pygame.init()
pygame.display.set_caption('sliding tiles- TechVivdan')
gameDisplay = pygame.display.set_mode((WIDTH, HEIGHT))
clock = pygame.time.Clock()

# Define colors
WHITE = (255,255,255)
BLACK = (0,0,0)
RED = (255,0,0)
brown = (100,40,0)


background = pygame.image.load('white.jpg')
background = pygame.transform.scale(background, (800, 600))

font = pygame.font.Font(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'comic.ttf'), 70)
  • pygame.init() used to initialize pygame
  • pygame.display.set_caption used to set the caption of the game window
  • FPS used to controls how the gameDisplay should refresh.
  • WIDTH and HEIGHT store the width and height of the game window
  • The width and height of the window are set by using pygame.display.set_mode
  • pygame.image.load is used to set image
  • pygame.transform.scale is used to scale image according to the requirement

3. Creating the main concept behind the game

class Generate_Puzzle:                     
    def __init__(self, gridsize, tilesize, margin):  
        
        self.gridsize,self.tilesize,self.margin = gridsize, tilesize, margin

        self.tiles_no = gridsize[0]*gridsize[1]-1          # no of tiles
        self.tiles = [(x,y) for y in range(gridsize[1]) for x in range(gridsize[0])]  #coordinate of tiles
       

        self.tilepos = {(x,y):(x*(tilesize+margin)+margin,y*(tilesize+margin)+margin) for y in range(gridsize[1]) for x in range(gridsize[0])}  #tile position
        self.prev = None

        self.tile_images =[]
        font = pygame.font.Font(None, 80)           

        for i in range(self.tiles_no):
            image = pygame.Surface((tilesize,tilesize))    #display tiles 
            image.fill(brown)
            text = font.render(str(i+1),2,(255,255,255))  ##text on tiles
            width,height = text.get_size()  #text size
            image.blit(text,((tilesize-width)/2 , (tilesize-height)/2))   #####display text in the middle of tile
            self.tile_images += [image]
           

    def Blank_pos(self):  
        
        return self.tiles[-1]
    
    

    def set_Blank_pos(self,pos):

        self.tiles[-1] = pos
    opentile = property(Blank_pos, set_Blank_pos)   #get and set the pos of blank



    def switch_tile(self, tile):
        self.tiles[self.tiles.index(tile)]=self.opentile
        self.opentile = tile
        self.prev= self.opentile
        


    def check_in_grid(self, tile):
        return tile[0]>=0 and tile[0]<self.gridsize[0] and tile[1]>=0 and tile[1]<self.gridsize[1]


    def close_to(self):              #adjacent tile postion to blank (which tiles can move to blank position)
        x, y = self.opentile
        return (x-1,y),(x+1,y),(x,y-1),(x,y+1)

    def set_tile_randomly(self):
        adj = self.close_to()
        adj = [pos for pos in adj if self.check_in_grid(pos)and pos!= self.prev ]
        tile = random.choice(adj)
        self.switch_tile(tile)
        #print(self.prev)


    def update_tile_pos(self,dt):        #update tile position

        mouse = pygame.mouse.get_pressed()
        mpos = pygame.mouse.get_pos()

        if mouse[0]:
            x,y = mpos[0]%(self.tilesize+self.margin),mpos[1]%(self.tilesize+self.margin)
            if x>self.margin and y>self.margin:
                tile = mpos[0]//self.tilesize,mpos[1]//self.tilesize
                if self.check_in_grid(tile) and tile in self.close_to():
                    self.switch_tile(tile)


    def draw_tile(self,gameDisplay):                             #####draw tiles in particular positioned
        for i in range(self.tiles_no):
            x,y = self.tilepos[self.tiles[i]]
            gameDisplay.blit(self.tile_images[i],(x,y))
                    


    def events(self, event):
        if event.type == pygame.KEYDOWN:
            if event.key == pygame.K_SPACE:    #press space to random the tiles
                for i in range(100):
                    self.set_tile_randomly()

  • tiles_no stores no of tiles.
  • Function set_Blank_pos() will get and set the blank position.
  • Switch_tile function will switch the tles.
  • close_to() function will return the adjacent tiles position to blank position that means will tiles can move in blank pos.
  • events() functon take events.
  • If space key pressed then set_tile_randomly() functin will calll in which the tiles will set randomly.
  • update_tile_pos() function will update the tiles position when it clicked

4. Creating functions to draw fonts

def makeText(text, color, bgcolor, top, left):
    textSurf = font.render(text, True, color, bgcolor)
    textRect = textSurf.get_rect()
    textRect.topleft = (top, left)
    return (textSurf, textRect)    


# Generic method to draw fonts on the screen   
font_name = pygame.font.match_font('comic.ttf')
def draw_text(display, text, size, x, y):
    font = pygame.font.Font(font_name, size)
    text_surface = font.render(text, True, brown)
    text_rect = text_surface.get_rect()
    text_rect.midtop = (x, y)
    gameDisplay.blit(text_surface, text_rect)
  • makeText and draw_text is a function that helps to draw text on the screen in a given font and size.
  • get_rect() is a method that will return a rect object
  • x, y is the dimension of x and y-direction
  • blit() is used to draw an image or text to the screen at a given position

5. Front screen of the game

def game_front_screen():
    gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
    draw_text(gameDisplay, "SLIDING TILE GAME!", 90, WIDTH / 2, HEIGHT / 4)
    draw_text(gameDisplay, "Press a key to begin!", 80, WIDTH / 2, HEIGHT * 3 / 4)
    pygame.display.flip()
    waiting = True
    while waiting:
        clock.tick(FPS)
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
                pygame.quit()
            if event.type == pygame.KEYUP:
                waiting = False                
  • game_front_screen() function show the front game screen of game
  • pygame.display.flip() will update only a portion of screen but if no argument will pass then it will update entire screen
  • pygame.event.get() will return all the event stored in the pygame event queue
  • If the type of the event is equal to quit then the pygame will quit
  • event.KEYUP is the event that occurs when a keyboard key is pressed and released

6. Creating and defining levels

def level_screen():
    L1, L1_RECT   = makeText('Level1', RED,True,100 , 40)
    L2, L2_RECT   = makeText('Level2', RED, True,500 , 40)
    L3, L3_RECT   = makeText('Level3', RED, True,100 , 180)
    L4, L4_RECT   = makeText('Level4',  RED,True,500 , 180)
    L5, L5_RECT   = makeText('Level5',RED, True, 100 , 320)
    L6, L6_RECT   = makeText('Level6', RED,True,500 ,  320)
    L7, L7_RECT   = makeText('Level7', RED,True,100 , 460)
    L8, L8_RECT   = makeText('Level8', RED,True,500 , 460

    gameDisplay.blit(L1, L1_RECT)
         gameDisplay.blit(L2, L2_RECT)
    gameDisplay.blit(L3, L3_RECT)
    gameDisplay.blit(L4, L4_RECT)
    gameDisplay.blit(L5, L5_RECT)
    gameDisplay.blit(L6, L6_RECT)
    gameDisplay.blit(L7, L7_RECT)
    gameDisplay.blit(L8, L8_RECT)
  
    mpos = pygame.mouse.get_pos()
    for event in pygame.event.get():
        if L1_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level1()
        elif L2_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level2()             
        elif L3_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level3()
        elif L4_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level4()
        elif L5_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level5()
         elif L6_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level6()
        elif L7_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level7()
        elif L8_RECT.collidepoint(mpos):
            level8()

def level1():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((3,3),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()        
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level2():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((3,4),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()        
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level3():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((4,3),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level4():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((4,4),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level5():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((4,5),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level6():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((5,5),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()   
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
                pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level7():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((5,4),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)


def level8():
    program=Generate_Puzzle((6,5),80,5)
    while True:
        dt = clock.tick()/1000
        gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))
        draw_text(gameDisplay,'PRESS SPACE TO START GAME', 60,370 , 500)
        program.draw_tile(gameDisplay)
        pygame.display.flip()
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: pygame.quit();sys.exit()
            program.events(event)
        program.update_tile_pos(dt)

level_screen() function will display levels on game window and checking the collision of the level postion and mouse postion . according to the coliision it will call the level. We create 8 levels in our game. Each level has their different grid value.

7. Main loop of the game

game_over = True        
game_running = True 
while game_running :
    if game_over :
        game_front_screen()       
    game_over = False

    for event in pygame.event.get():
        if event.type == pygame.QUIT:          
            game_running = False
    gameDisplay.blit(background, (0,0))  
    level_screen()              
   
    pygame.display.update()
    clock.tick(FPS)
pygame.quit()

  • This is the mainloop of the game
  • If game_over is true then call game_front_screen() function
  • game_running used to manage the while loop. If game_running become false then terminates the game While loop
  • Event type quit will close the game window
  • clock.tick() will keep the loop running at the right speed (manages the frame/second).

Project output

sliding tile puzzle python output

Summary

In this sliding tile puzzle python project, we used popular pygame library which is used to build game and multimedia application. We create multiple levels in the game. We also used random module to randomly organize tiles when space key will pressed. In this way, we successfully developed the sliding tile game of multiple levels in Python.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.